Head of BMKG Andi Eka Sakya stated here on Friday that a couple of months ago, Indonesia had experienced a rather strong El Nino phenomenon, which had lowered the intensity of rains in most regions of the country.
"During the El Nino phenomenon, the rain intensity is low, while in La Nina, the opposite occurs. The rainfall will be higher (than normal)," Sakya pointed out.
The effects of El Nino have grown weaker as it had peaked in December 2015, Sakya stated.
In March and April, the Indonesian region had experienced a neutral weather after being hit by the El Nino phenomenon, Sakya noted.
The weather in Indonesia is highly influenced by the Asian monsoon, which is responsible for the extreme variations in rainfall in the region.
The general wind pattern during the monsoon has resulted in Indonesia experiencing a dry season from June to October as it is influenced by the Australian continental air masses.
During the period between November to March, the region will experience a rainy season, which is influenced by the Asian and Pacific Ocean air masses.
(Reporting by Nancy Lynda Tigauw/Uu.A059/INE/KR-BSR/A014)