"Based on the results of the multi-model climate projection simulation using the RCP (Representative Concentration Pathways) 4.5 scenario, Indonesia's air temperature will get hotter from 2020 to 2030," said the Deputy Head of BMKG, Herizal, according to a press release received here Monday.
Compared to the average air temperature in the 2005 – 2015 period, some of Indonesia's territories such as South Sumatra, central Papua, and parts of West Papua, are expected to experience the highest temperature increases between 2020 and 2030, according to the agency.
Hence, some adaptation and mitigation efforts are needed to anticipate increasing surface air temperature in the near future due to global warming, Herizal stated.
"Those efforts must start from our awareness to reduce things that potentially increase the emission of greenhouse gas to the Earth's atmosphere. We should also equip ourselves with knowledge on the adverse effects of climate change," he said.
However, the high-temperature phenomenon in the Middle East cannot be directly associated with climate change, he stressed. Based on historical records, high-temperature levels up to 50 degrees Celsius is quite common in the Middle East region, so this phenomenon was taken as a climate variation in the region.
The heat wave phenomenon in the Middle East does not have any impact on Indonesia's territory, the agency also stated.
"The air circulation system that causes heat waves in the Middle East is different, and it does not move towards Indonesia. So, high temperatures reaching more than 50 degrees Celsius are unlikely in Indonesia," he concluded.
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