With this fair prosperity, Indonesia's unity in diversity could remain intact, Kalla said while delivering his keynote speech at the 9th Congress of Pancasila held at the Gadjah Mada University's hall here on Thursday.
"Although the five principles of Pancasila are well memorized, lots of people still live in poverty, and economic inequality exists in various parts of the country. This condition may trigger people to rebel against the state," he said.
Along 74 years of its independence, Indonesia has undergone at least 15 serious conflicts in several parts of the country and resulted in the deaths of more than 1,000 people. Most of the conflicts were sparked by injustice and a lack of prosperity, he said.
The Aceh and Poso conflicts, for instance, were triggered by the absence of justice and economic welfare. "Aceh is perceived as an oil- and gas-resource rich province but its people did not enjoy the wealth," he said.
The Poso conflict was sparked by political injustice, which led to dissatisfaction among local fighters, he said, adding that poverty and economic inequality could lead to the emergence of rebellion.
Kalla further said that Pancasila should be placed as the state's life foundation instead of using it as a tool for achieving the state's goals.
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