Presidential Decree No. 16/2011 on the National Action Plan on Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction was was issued based on the consideration that Indonesia is prone to the impacts of climate change due to its geographical position, Cabinet Secretary Dipo Alam said in a statement here on Monday.
"So Indonesia must actively take part in preventive efforts through climate change mitigation," he said.
The decree is a follow up of the Bali Action Plan issued during the 13th Conference of Parties of the United Nations Climate Change Convention (COP UNFCCC) which was organized in Bali in December 2007.
It also demonstrated the commitment of the Indonesian government to reducing the greenhouse gas emission by 26 percent with its own efforts or 41 percent with international assistance by 2020, Dipo Alam said.
"Consequently, it`s necessary to have certain guidelines on the formulation of measures and steps to be taken cut gas emissions," Dipo said.
A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within a thermal infrared range.
Greenhouse gases basically consist of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and CFCs.
Among the adverse natural phenomena attributed to greenhouse gases is the Earth`s increased temperature ot global warming that will ultimately cause extreme climate change.(*)