Mochammad Afifuddin, a Bawaslu member, stated that the report had identified all aspects that can disturb and hinder the implementation of simultaneous elections in 2020.
"We use this as an early warning. This is part of our efforts to prevent any conflict linked to regional elections. We employ four dimensions in this IKP," Afifuddin stated.
The four dimensions used to measure the potential of conflict in the simultaneous elections 2020 are social politics, fair and just elections, contestation, and voters’ participation.
The index is also based on violation practices in the elections held earlier in 2018 and 2019, he explained.
The IKP entails three categories of potential conflict: low, medium, and high risk. According to the study, the average point of vulnerability is at 51.65.
Nine provinces categorized as being prone to election-related conflict are North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Riau Islands, and North Kalimantan.
North Lombok District, Taliabu Island District, Ogan Ilir District, East Kolaka District, West Sumbawa District, Bontang City, South Ogan Komering Ulu District, and Barru District are eight regions categorized as low risk, with less than 43.07 points.
As many as 205 districts and cities are categorized as being at medium risk for election-related conflicts, with 43.07-56.94 points, while the remaining 48 districts and cities are categorized as high-risk areas for conflict, with score above 63.88.
The 15 districts and cities are Manokwari, Mamuju, Makassar, Central Lombok, East Kotawaringin, Sula Islands, Central Mamuju, Sungai Penuh, North Minahasa, Pasangkayu, Tomohon, Ternate, Serang, Kendal, and Sambas.
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