Zheng Guoguang, head of Chinas Meteorological Administration, told the weekly newspaper the Study Times that the uptick in recent weather disasters such as floods, typhoons, droughts and heatwaves had a "big connection" to climate change.
Such catastrophes were a threat to big-ticket schemes such as the Three Gorges Dam and a high-altitude railway to Tibet, he said.
"Against the backdrop of the global warming, the risks faced by our large engineering projects have increased," Zheng told the newspapers latest edition, published on Monday.
"Global warming affects the safety and stability of these big projects, as well as their operations and economic effectiveness, technological standards and engineering methods," he added in the paper, published by the Central Party School, which trains rising officials.
Chinas rate of warming was "at an obviously higher rate" than the global average, with the north of the country warming faster than the south and winters faster than the summer, Zheng said.
"The first decade of this century was the hottest in the past 100 years," he added.
Dealing with climate change was necessary for China to put its economy on a more sustainable growth path, Zheng said, something the countrys leadership has been aiming for.
"Climate change is a lever which can push our countrys economic transformation."
Coal accounts for about 60 percent of Chinas CO2 emissions, which are causing massive health problems because of the smog they generate.
China, the worlds biggest emitter of climate-changing greenhouse gases, has sought to shift increasingly to cleaner burning hydrocarbons such as natural gas and to renewable energy.
In a joint announcement with the United States last year, Beijing said it would aim to peak its fast-rising emissions "around" 2030, and the United States said it would seek to cut emissions by 26 to 28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025.