"To that end, we need to develop technology to make fossil energy environmentally friendly through carbon capture for oil and gas and coal gasification and coal liquefaction for coal," he said in a statement issued in Jakarta on Tuesday.
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The application of carbon capture technology can massively lower greenhouse gas emissions and increase oil and gas production, he added.
The technology involves a series of processes ranging from separating and capturing carbon dioxide from exhaust gas emission sources, transporting suspected carbon dioxide to storage sites, to storing it in safe places, Yudha said.
Several products can be generated from carbon capture, including hydrogen, ammonia, iron, steel, and cement, he pointed out.
Meanwhile, gasification technology is the process of converting coal into gas, including dimethyl ether, which serves as fuel and raw material for the chemical industry, he said.
Liquefaction technology is the process of converting coal into liquid, which serves as a raw material for the production of kerosene and diesel, he informed.
"The national commitment related to climate change includes lowering greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent on its own and 41 percent with international assistance by 2030 (nationally determined contributions),” Yudha noted.
In parallel to the endeavor, the government needs to push the development of new and renewable energy on account of its huge potential, he said. Therefore, technological support is needed to make the prices of clean energy more competitive, he added.
Above all, the public needs to change its behavior to control the Earth’s temperature by making efficient use of fuel since Indonesia is among the countries which believe in climate change, he said. (INE)
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