Several indicators caused a change in the index including civil freedom falling 0.29 points to 78.45, from 78.75; political rights increasing 0.84 points to 66.63, from 65.79; and democracy institutions rising 2.76 points to 75.25, from 72.49, he noted here on Monday.
"The three aspects have different trends annually. This year, democracy institutions rose to 75.25, from 72.49," he added.
The three aspects comprise 11 variables, including freedom of assembly, political parties' role, and political participation in decision making and supervision.
Three of the 11 variables in the bad category in 2018 were political participation in decision making and supervision, with 54.28; regional legislative assemblies' role, with 58.92; and regional government bureaucracy's role, with 55.74.
During the 2009-2018 period, the democratic level in Indonesia was dynamic and fluctuating. IDI stood at 60 during the 2009-2013 period and 70 during the 2014-2018 period, which were categorized as moderate.
"This (democratic level) showed a significant increase as compared to that five years ago. However, it was categorized as moderate," he pointed out.
IDI is a composite indicator capable of demonstrating the development of national democracy. The BPS worked out the annual data in cooperation with several ministries and experts. Related news: Indonesian democracy index increases: Witanto
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