And now, as his first presidential term draws to a close, Jokowi, who has been reelected for the 2019-2024 period in the 2019 Presidential Election, unveiled his vision to make Indonesia a developed country and one of the world’s economic powers, by relying on the quality of human resources and mobilization of its economic resources.
“We are the fourth largest population in the world. Most of them are young people. Our middle class population grows rapidly,” the President said while delivering his address on the Government Statement on the Bill in the State Budget for the 2020 Fiscal Year and Its Financial Note before the Plenary Session of the House of Representatives (DPR) at the Parliament Building, August 16, 2019, a day prior to the Indonesian National Day.
Indonesia currently has a population with a productive age constituting 68 percent of the total population of 267 million.
The government's determination to make Indonesia a developed nation reflects in the 2020 fiscal policy themed “A State Budget to Accelerate Competitiveness through Innovation and Improved Quality of Human Resources”.
Therefore, the State Budget Bill focuses on five main aspects, notably strengthening the quality of human resources, accelerating infrastructure development in support of economic transformation, strengthening social protection programs, improving the quality of fiscal decentralization to boost regional autonomy, and anticipating global uncertainty.
"By focusing on improving the quality of human resources, Indonesia can immediately realize its vision of becoming a developed country," Jokowi assured.
In the 2020 Bill in the State Budget, the State Expenditure has been projected at Rp2,528.8 trillion or about 14.5 percent of GDP, to be utilized among other things for improving human resource quality and continuing social protection programs to meet demographic challenges.
Earlier, at an event called Indonesian Vision held on July 15, 2019, Jokowi expounded his vision and mission which he said was responding to global challenges that are complex, evolving and full of uncertainties and risks. Human resources development is one of the five priority programs to be implemented during the second term, in addition to infrastructure development and investment, among others.
The government has planned to allocate Rp1,162.83 trillion for four major projects to create high-quality human resources under the National Mid-term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024.
“Breakthrough and innovation would be needed for the development of high-quality human resources, hence, the government has prepared four programs for that target in the RPJMN 2020-2024,” according to a statement issued by the National Development Planning Minister and the Head of the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) Bambang Brodjonegoro recently.
The first project will seek to accelerate efforts to reduce maternal mortality and stunting in children. With Rp26 trillion allocated for its implementation, the project will be executed by the Health Ministry, the Education and Culture Ministry, the Social Affairs Ministry, the Religious Affairs Ministry, the Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection Ministry, the Agriculture Ministry, and the National Family Planning Agency (BKKBN).
The second project, with an allocation of Rp330.1 trillion, will focus on developing vocational education and training for Industry 4.0. The project will be executed by the Health Ministry, the BKKBN, the Education and Culture Ministry, the Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection Ministry, the Social Affairs Ministry, the Religious Affairs Ministry, and the Agriculture Ministry.
The third project will involve the development of a science technopark by optimizing the Triple Helix interactions of four major universities. The project will benefit from Rp2.8 trillion in funding. The Technology Research and Higher Education Ministry, the University of Indonesia (UI), the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), the University of Gadjah Mada (UGM), and the Bogor Institute of Agriculture will implement the project.
The fourth project — digitalization and integration of social allowances — will receive the largest allocation of Rp803.93 trillion. It will be executed by the Social Affairs Ministry, the Education and Culture Ministry, the Religious Affairs Ministry, the Technology Research and Higher Education Ministry, and the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry.
The minister believed that the Industry 4.0 era cannot be ushered in by conducting business as usual. It needs a breakthrough in learning and innovative thinking. (INE)
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