Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) has highlighted that unusual atmospheric dynamics have been one of the reasons behind Indonesia experiencing hot temperatures in the last few days.

"Extreme heat has hit Asian countries in the past week. Indonesia has not experienced a heatwave, but the maximum surface air temperature is classified as hot," the acting deputy for climatology of BMKG, Dodo Gunawan, stated in Jakarta on Monday.

He outlined five causes of hot temperatures in Indonesia, such as the unusual atmospheric dynamics and hot temperatures in April in the South Asian region, climatologically influenced by the apparent motion of the sun, thereby making the heat spike in 2023 included as the worst.

The third cause was the trend of global warming and climate change that increases the likelihood of heatwaves to 30 times more frequent, the dominance of the Australian monsoon as Indonesia entered the dry season, and the maximum intensity of solar radiation in clear weather conditions and the lack of cloud cover, he pointed out.

Gunawan said the BMKG had noted that the Ciputat area in South Tangerang had the highest daily maximum temperature on April 17, 2023, at 37.2 degrees Celsius in Indonesia.

In the second week of April 2023, or the April 11-20 period, he explained that hot temperatures above 36 degrees Celsius hit several BMKG work units, such as in the Pangsuma Meteorological Station area, with 36.6 degrees Celsius; Nangapinoh area, 36.5 degrees Celsius; BMKG Region I, 36.5 degrees Celsius; the Tableian Meteorological Station, 36.3 degrees Celsius; the Tarempa Meteorological Station, 36.2 degrees Celsius; the Deli Serdang Geophysics Station, 36.2 degrees Celsius; BMKG Region II, 36.2 degrees Celsius; and the Banten Climatology Station, 36 degrees Celsius.

Meanwhile, in the Asia region, Gunawan remarked that Kumarkhali, a city in Kushtia District, Bangladesh, was the hottest area, with a recorded daily maximum temperature of 51 degrees Celsius on April 17, 2023.

"In Asia's region, other cities in Myanmar and India also experienced hot temperatures," he remarked.

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Translator: Zubi Mahrofi, Resinta S
Editor: Anton Santoso
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