Dubai, UAE (ANTARA) - Head of the Nusantara Capital Authority (OIKN), Bambang Susantono, expressed optimism that Indonesia's new capital, Nusantara, can become a city with zero carbon emissions or even negative emissions by 2045, one of which is through forest restoration.

He made the statement during the launch of the Nusantara Regionally and Locally Determined Contribution (RLDC) document on the sidelines of the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28) of the UN Climate Change Framework Convention in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), on Sunday.

"Nusantara does not only aim to reach net zero emissions by 2045 but also has extraordinary potential to become a city with negative carbon emissions," he said after the launch of the document.

With actions in the forestry and land use, agriculture, energy, waste management, and industrial sectors, the new capital is targeted to achieve an emissions reduction of 1.1 million tons of carbon dioxide (MtCO2) by 2045. There is a more ambitious target of achieving -1.6 MtCO2.

Nationally, Indonesia has emission reduction targets in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), namely reducing 31.89 percent with its own efforts and 43.2 percent with international support by 2030.

One of the main steps taken is transforming 65 percent of the land from monoculture forests to tropical forests.

This effort is carried out through the reforestation process to green the lands to ensure they can absorb carbon and contribute to climate mitigation efforts.

"At the same time, this effort can make Nusantara contribute positively to nature and increase biodiversity on Kalimantan Island," he remarked.

Especially in the forestry sector, efforts to avoid or reduce deforestation will be made by protecting 59,000 hectares of existing natural forests and mangrove forests.

The other effort is increasing carbon stocks through the restoration of more than 83,000 hectares of industrial forests, deforested land, and coal mining sites.

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Translator: Prisca Triferna, Raka Adji
Editor: Azis Kurmala
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