The 5.17 percent growth was a good achievement in view of pressure from global economic uncertainty, BPS Chief Suhariyanto stated here on Wednesday.
"In the midst of global economic pressure, including the Fed rate hike, and the start of a trade war, the Indonesian economy could grow 5.17 percent. Indeed, we are not the best, but our achievement remains good," he remarked.
Just in the fourth quarter of 2018, the national economy expanded 5.18 percent.
On a yearly basis, the Indonesian economy grew 5.01 percent in 2014 and slowed down to 4.88 percent in 2015.
The national economy recovered to 5.03 percent in 2016 and further moved to 5.07 percent in 2017.
"We must consider the arising and unpredictable pressures, including external ones. Admittedly, this year`s growth falls short of the target set in the medium-term national development plan (RPJMN)," he stated.
In the 2018 state budget, the government had set the target of economic growth for last year at 5.4 percent.
Despite growing 6.48 percent as compared to 2017, exports` contributions to the 2018 economic growth contracted 0.99 percent. The export performance was also lower than the import growth that surged to 12.04 percent.
"The negative export performance reduces the economic growth," he remarked.
Contributors to the 2018 economic growth were household consumption, at 2.74 percent; investment, 2.17 percent; and government spending, 0.38 percent. Household consumption grew 5.05 percent, investment rose 6.67 percent, and government spending increased 4.3 percent.
Reporting by Indra Arief Pribadi, Suharto