Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) has said that dairy farmers have been the most affected by the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreak because it greatly affects livestock health and milk production.

FMD-infected dairy cows experience a drastic decrease in milk production, or even stop producing milk, deputy chairman of the permanent commission for livestock at Kadin, Yudi Guntara Noor, explained at a webinar on FMD, which was organized by the Center for Agricultural Food Studies and Advocacy (Pataka) here on Friday.

In addition, dairy cows infected with FMD are unable to stand because of the illness.

According to Noor, dairy cows that contract FMD are mostly slaughtered because they stop producing milk.

Based on data from the Association of Indonesian Dairy Cooperatives (GKSI), cow milk production has decreased by 30–40 percent since the FMD broke out in Indonesia.

FMD data reported on the government's official website, siagapmk.id, is smaller than the actual data in the field, Noor revealed.

For example, GKSI data has shown that as of June 22, 2022, at least 1,601 dairy cows have died due to FMD and 2,852 heads of cattle have been slaughtered in East Java, Central Java, and West Java, he informed.

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Meanwhile, data from the Ministry of Agriculture as of June 22 has shown that nationally, 1,499 heads of cattle have died due to FMD and 2,460 have been slaughtered.

The difference in data occurred because not all livestock suspected of FMD infection were reported to the government by the farmers, he said.

Noor noted that the current situation of FMD is similar to the situation at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, when detecting positive cases took a long time.

As part of the effort to curb the spread of FMD in Indonesia, the Ministry of Agriculture rolled out its FMD vaccination program for livestock from Sidoarjo district, East Java, on June 14.

Vaccine doses are being prioritized for healthy animals that are at high risk of infection, such as animals at livestock breeding centers, community-owned dairy farms, dairy cooperatives, and beef cattle farms.

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Translator: Aditya Ramadhan, Raka Adji
Editor: Suharto
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