Jakarta (ANTARA) - Indonesia and the United States have strengthened bilateral cooperation on climate change, which is expected to help realize environmental preservation along with economic development.

In a written statement released on Friday, Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar said that the current condition demands ecological preservation along with the continued growth and development of the economy.

Hence, Indonesia expects cooperation with the United States through the Bilateral Climate Change Working Group 2 Task Force on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services to focus on mutual assistance in maintaining the natural ecosystem.

In addition, the cooperation is expected to create a breakthrough in optimizing carbon emission absorption while also considering economic growth and people's prosperity, the minister said.

During the Bilateral Climate Change Working Group 2 Task Force on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services: FOLU, Mangroves, and Ocean meeting, she informed that Indonesia has carried out several steps to improve natural resource and environmental management.

The actions include the unveiling of the FOLU Net Sink 2030 target to fulfill the Paris Agreement commitment.

Under the target, Indonesia will seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry and land sector, with an absorption rate that is the same or higher than the emissions rate in 2030.

Indonesia's FOLU Net Sink 2030 shows the country's climate ambition through a more structured and systematic approach, Bakar said.

This has provided a focused and measured development target under which, for the first time, all activity programs have the same measurement unit, namely CO2 equivalent, she added.

Indonesia is also focusing on other ecosystems that can absorb carbon equivalent to or even more than forests, namely shoreline and ocean ecosystems or blue carbon.

The development of blue carbon is very important and has significant potential in Indonesia, especially in the mangrove ecosystem.

Meanwhile, Advisor to the United States Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry, Robert Blake, said that the US considers Indonesia a powerful strategic partner in various fields.

In relation to this, climate cooperation has become very important, especially for the energy transition.

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Translator: Prisca T V, Fadhli Ruhman
Editor: Sri Haryati
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