Cianjur, West Java (ANTARA) - The Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park (TNGGP) Center in Cianjur, West Java, has reported the birth of a Javan hawk-eagle, commonly known as the Garuda bird, which is an endangered protected animal.

Head of the TNGGP Sapto Aji Prabowo said here on Monday that the newborn hawk-eagle was found by a forest ecosystem control team (PEH) and the Raptor Conservation Society (RCS) in Gegerbentang, National Park Management (PTN) Region I - Cibodas.

"Its age is about 11 days, born from a male eagle named Mandala and a female named Wangi. It is possible that its birth coincided with Pancasila's birthday, June 1, 2023," Prabowo informed.

The parents of the unnamed baby Javan eagle were observed to have inhabited the PTN Cibodas area and actively bred since 2010, but the birth of the eagle has been described as rare as it can only occur once every two years.

Since 2015, at least 37 pairs of Javan eagles have been recorded inhabiting parts of the national park with 16 active nests sighted: 6 nests in Cianjur area, 5 in Sukabumi, and another 5 in Bogor.

"Javan eagles are animals that are loyal to their mates; their breeding period is only once every two years and only produces one egg so that with the new birth, there are 38 Javan eagles or Garuda birds in TNGGP," Prabowo informed.

Furthermore, his party has deployed park officers and forest ecosystem controllers as well as partners from RCS to regularly supervise the newborn Javan eagle to ensure its development and prevent poaching.

The Javan hawk-eagle is listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN’s) red list and protected by Government Regulation (PP) No. 7/1999 concerning flora and fauna preservation.

Based on PP. 7/1999, the criteria for determining the protected status for a species is that they must have a small population, there must be a sharp decrease in the number of individuals in nature, and a limited distribution area or they must be endemic animals.

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Translator: Ahmad F, Kenzu
Editor: Azis Kurmala
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