Abu Dhabi (ANTARA) - Secretary General of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) of Indonesia Dadan Kusdiana stated that developing countries, including Indonesia, should be fully supported to accelerate the development of new renewable energy (NRE).

"We look at how efforts of developed countries showed their commitment, not to then add responsibility to developing countries," Kusdiana noted in an interview with ANTARA in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, on Wednesday.

The interview was conducted before the 14th General Assembly session of the International Energy Agency (Irena) that was held in Abu Dhabi.

Kusdiana emphasized that it is the responsibility of all parties to make efforts to reduce emissions and greenhouse gases.

However, global targets should not regulate the country's achievements, as each nation has needs and capabilities related to the domestic situation. Moreover, the global targets must not make a country inflexible.

"We also want this global target to not be forced on each country," he said.

Kusdiana remarked that Indonesia has not joined the voices regarding efforts to triple new renewable energy capacity to reach the target by 2030.

However, Indonesia has a strong commitment to achieving zero emissions by 2060 or sooner.

“We see more of the same as China, the same as India. India and China also do not join in the voices," Kusdiana stated.

"Hence, we do not reduce our commitment on how to develop renewable energy. The President (Joko Widodo) has announced net zero emissions by 2060 or sooner," he remarked.

Irena's 14th General Assembly session will carry the theme of "COP28 Results: Infrastructure, Policies and Capabilities to Triple Renewable Energy and Accelerate the Energy Transition" based on the results of the COP28 Climate Summit in Dubai, the UAE, in November 2023.

Also in the theme, Irena wants the global capacity to increase new and renewable energy by threefold to at least 11 terawatts (TW) by 2030.

Referring to Irena's Energy Transition Outlook document, the target is to maintain the scenario of an increase in the earth's average temperature of no more than 1.5 degrees Celcius.

Indonesia believes that the development of new and renewable energy will provide benefits to the domestic energy supply, in addition to reducing greenhouse emissions.

However, Kusdiana stressed that in order to accelerate, expand, and increase the capacity of new and renewable energy, it needs to be in accordance with the needs and capabilities.

Kusdiana also emphasized that efforts should be made to use new and renewable energy to not reduce competitiveness.

He said that for some cases, renewable energy based on solar energy cannot be applied directly.

"This is intermittent. It needs special technological approaches, additional capital, so that for the same quality, for example, additional costs are still required for conventional energy," Kusdiana stated.

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Translator: Indra Arief Pribadi, Cindy Frishanti Octavia
Editor: Rahmad Nasution
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