Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Women's Empowerment and Children Protection (PPPA) Ministry and Statistics Indonesia (BPS) are preparing for the 2024 National Women's Life Experience Survey (SPHPN) and the National Children and Adolescent Life Experience Survey (SNPHAR).

"SPHPN and SNPHAR are special surveys to obtain information on the prevalence of violence against women and children as well as various other related indicators," the ministry's Deputy for Special Child Protection Nahar remarked here on Friday.

Nahar highlighted that SPHPN and SNPHAR are expected to provide inputs to the government in planning programs and policies for preventing and handling violence against women and children.

"These surveys are special because it is not easy to get information related to violence experienced by women and children. This is due to various factors, including cultural problems, paradigms, and stigma that prevails in society," he explained.

According to Nahar, SPHPN has been carried out twice, namely in 2016 and 2021, while SNPHAR has been conducted thrice namely in 2013, 2018, and 2021.

He remarked that results of the two surveys were analyzed and evaluated, and his side continues to improve the quality of data.

"To maintain data sustainability, the two surveys maintain the indicators, so that they can be compared (with the previous ones). We also add new indicators to accommodate the developing needs," he remarked.

The new indicators are female genital mutilation and online-based gender violence for SPHPN and violence that occurred during the pandemic for SNPHAR.

He said the target respondents for SPHPN are women in the age bracket of 15-64 years. As for SNPHAR, the target respondents are in the age group of 13-24 years and belonging to both genders.

SPHPN aims to obtain information on the prevalence of violence against women and identify the impact of that violence on health.

"Meanwhile, SNPHAR aims to determine the estimated prevalence of physical, emotional, and sexual violence in children as well as the identification of perpetrators, risk factors, and child protection," he stated.

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Translator: Anita D, Kenzu
Editor: Rahmad Nasution
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