The six figures awarded the title of national hero in 2018 were the late Abdurrahman Bawesdan of Yogyakarta, the late Supreme Hajjah Andi Depu from West Sulawesi Province, and the Depati Amir of Bangka Belitung Province.
The three other figures awarded the hero title were the late Kasman Singodimejo from Central Java Province, the late Prince Mohammad Noor from the Province of South Kalimantan, and the late Brigadier General KH Syam`un from Banten Province.
President Jokowi awarded the national hero title at the State Palace on Thursday through Presidential Decree Number 123 /TK/2018, dated November 6, 2018, on the Awarding of the National Hero Title.
The award ceremony was held as part of the 2018 National Heroes Day commemoration series.
The late Abdurrahman Baswesdan is the grandfather of Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan and is a figure, who fought to make Arab descendants an integral part of the Indonesian nation.
Born on September 9, 1908, in Surabaya and brought up in Yogyakarta, Baswedan has been involved in the fight for independence through movements by applying the ideals of creating an independent and sovereign Indonesia.
He carried out his struggle through the world of journalism, with his writings in the newspaper as well as participation through the Indonesian Arab Party. He was also a member of the Preparatory Work Committee for Indonesian Independence.
The late Agung Hajjah Andi Depu is an actor of Indonesian history and a female figure, who has remained highly dedicated and loyal to the fight for Indonesian independence.
She is a female figure from West Sulawesi, born on August 19, 1908, and fought for Indonesian independence by mobilizing and coordinating as closely as possible the youths to fight colonialism in Indonesia.
The late Depati Amir was a leader of the resistance against the Dutch in the 1830-1851 period. He succeeded in including a combination of local residents and the foreigner community or Chinese miners.
The hero, whose title was proposed by the people of Bangka Belitung Province, had implemented resistance through a guerrilla warfare with the Netherlands for two decades.
The late Kasman Singodimejo was a Muhammadiyah figure, who united the nation during the UUD 1945 Constitution ratification process by the Preparatory Committee for Independence.
He succeeded in winning the heart of the Islamic group of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo to eliminate additional words after "Believe in one God" in the first principle of the state ideology of Pancasila.
The original concept was "Believe in one God with the obligation of Muslims to practice Islamic law." These additional words were eliminated since they were rejected by representatives from eastern Indonesia.
The late Ir H Prince Mohammad Noor was a figure, who had fought along with the people to maintain independence since studying at THS Bandung until he become a member of "Jong Islamieten Bond."
As a governor based in Yogyakarta, Mohammad Noor conducted military training for the youth to be deployed in the battlefield against the Dutch in Kalimantan.
In the meantime, the late Brigadier General KH Syam`un was a figure, who struggled through an educational approach by establishing a pesantren and taking up arms against the Dutch.
Reporting by Joko Susilo
Ediiting by Andi Abdussalam, Yoseph Hariyadi