The new economic zones are Lido in West Java and Java Integrated Industrial and Port Estate (JIIPE) in Gresik, East Java.
“The Lido special economic zone is expected to be able to boost tourism in Indonesia. The result must be clear, tourists to West Java must also be of international quality,” said Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Airlangga Hartarto, who is also chairman of the KEK National Council, in Jakarta on Thursday.
The Lido SEZ is projected to attract investments of up to US$2.4 billion and absorb 29,545 workers in its 20th year, he said.
The JIIPE SEZ is expected to bring in investments of US$16.9 billion and employ 199,818 people once it is fully operational, he said.
The Lido SEZ will be developed as a tourism project with attractions such as a world-class theme park, golf courses, and retail and dining facilities, he noted.
It will also have six-star luxury resort accommodations, film studios, and music festivals, he added.
Related news: Government eyes investment of Rp725 trillion in SEZ in 2025
The presence of a theme park in Lido is expected to increase the number of domestic and foreign tourists to 63.4 million visitors by 2038, or an average of 3.17 million tourists per year.
According to Hartarto, foreign exchange flows from foreign tourists as well as foreign exchange savings from domestic tourists could reach US$4.1 billion over 20 years.
Meanwhile, at JIIPE, there are plans to develop businesses in the metal, electronics, chemical, energy, and logistics industries, he said.
JIIPE is expected to contribute exports valued at US$10.1 billion per year once it is fully operational, as well as import substitution for metal and chemical industrial products, he said.
The two SEZ proposals, which have been approved, will be recommended to President Joko Widodo.
Indonesia so far has developed 15 SEZs. They comprise nine industrial SEZs and six tourism SEZs in Arun, Lhokseumawe, Aceh; Sei Mangkei, North Sumatra; Tanjung Api-Api; South Sumatra, Galang Batang, Riau Islands; Tanjung Kelayang, Bangka Belitung Islands; Tanjung Lesung, Banten; Mandalika, NTB; Maloy Batuta Trans East Kalimantan; Palu, Central Sulawesi; Bitung, North Sulawesi; Morotai, North Maluku; Sorong, West Papua; Singhasari, East Java; Likupang, North Sulawesi; and Kendal, Central Java.
The development of the SEZs has resulted in an investment commitment of Rp70.4 trillion, of which Rp23.1 trillion has been realized as of the end of 2020.
The biggest investment realization came from Galang Batang, which officially became operational at the end of 2018, followed by Sei Mangkei and Kendal, which became an SEZ at the end of 2019.
In addition, the development of SEZs has created 19,951 jobs as of the end of 2020.
Related news: Industrial zones to function as economic growth drivers