Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Czech Republic's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights discussed efforts to prevent crimes in cyberspace.

"Czech Republic can be the second European Union country that establishes legal cooperation with Indonesia after Switzerland," Minister of Law and Human Rights Yasonna Hamonangan Laoly noted here, Tuesday.

Indonesia is ready to establish legal cooperation in the form of Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) and extradition treaty, specifically in the cyberspace and cybersecurity sector, including with the Czech Republic, he noted.

Countries should be ready in handling the increasingly rapid developments in technology. Technology has changed the public's behavior, such as a move from shopping through conventional method to e-commerce through smartphone, he pointed out.

Within the last few years, E-commerce has grown in Indonesia. In fact, several supermarkets experienced bankruptcy since the people prefer to shop at online market places, he noted.

The Czech Republic's Special Envoy for Cyber Space and Director of Cyber Security Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Richard Kadlák noted that cyberspace and cybersecurity challenges should be tackled in a way so as to respect human rights.

Currently, cyberspace and cybercrimes become the most urgent matters to be discussed, given the prevalence of such crimes, he explained.

He noted that all countries have been attacked by hackers that can come from any countries.

There are several sectors that change in accordance with technological developments. To this end, cybersecurity should be a collective responsibility, he noted.

In the past, technology replaced human power. In future, technology may replace the human brain, he remarked.

Currently, Indonesia has not ratified the 2001 Budapest Convention on Cyber Crime. However, Indonesia has implemented Law No. 11 of 2008 on Electronic Information and Transaction (ITE).

The Indonesian government will continue to adjust to the rapid developments in IT, including cybercrimes, within the draft Criminal Code (RKUHP) that is planned to be ratified at the end of 2022.

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Translator: M Zulfikar, Fadhli Ruhman
Editor: Suharto
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