Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Foreign Affairs Ministry's spokesperson Lalu Muhamad Iqbal stated that Indonesia incessantly strives for the reform agenda in the United Nations (UN) institutions, especially the UN Security Council (UNSC).

"Until now, Indonesia has never stopped striving for reform of the UN, especially the UN Security Council, for a long time," he stated at a media briefing in Jakarta on Wednesday.

Reform of the UNSC is deemed even more important, as only this body has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement.

Nevertheless, Iqbal noted that the current challenges in the UN reform are rooted in the lack of agreement on a system of change accepted by all UN member states.

"There are those that propose (changing) the veto right, and then there are those that propose permanent state or semi-permanent state status, and so on," he remarked.

The spokesperson also noted that Indonesia was one of the first countries to call for UN reforms, as stated by President Soekarno in his speech, "To Build the World Anew," before the UN General Assembly on September 30, 1960.

Related news: Indonesia calls on UN to reform multilateral system

Soekarno in his speech emphasized the importance of the UN to develop in accordance with the realities of the times, and one of the things he pushed for was a review of the function of the UNSC.

The speech archive has also been recognized as a Memory of the World by UNESCO in 2023.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres earlier acknowledged pressure from UN member states to reform the international organization during the 78th session of the UN General Assembly in October 2023.

He noted that several leaders criticized the conditions of the existing multilateral institutions. He said the leaders also highlighted the mismatch between global governance institutions and world economic and political realities.

Related news: Asia-Africa Countries Should Reform UN Security Council

Translator: Nabil Ihsan, Raka Adji
Editor: Yuni Arisandy Sinaga
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