"The extreme temperature is ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation), both in the form of La Nina and El Nino," she remarked while opening a climate festival at the Manggala Wanabakti Building in Jakarta on Wednesday.
The climate change may raise the frequency of La Nina and El Nino weather phenomena. Usually, the weather phenomena is a five- to seven-year cycle though currently cut short to three to five years, she pointed out.
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La Nina has triggered flooding due to high-intensity rainfall, while El Nino has caused extreme drought owing to low rainfall, she stated.
Not only Indonesia but also the rest of the world has borne witness to natural disasters induced by the extreme climate. The current land and forest fires in Indonesia also contributed to climate change, she remarked.
"Forest fire is one of the examples. However, as compared to two weeks back, the condition is far better now," she stated.
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By and large, land and forest fires engulfing various parts of the country had resulted in several floral and animal species being wiped off the face of earth. Land and forest fires had inevitably raised greenhouse gas emissions, thereby raising global temperatures, she noted.
Indonesia, as one of the parties to the Paris Agreement, remains resolute in its efforts to tackling climate change.
"This reminds us of the need to strengthen the effort to control climate change," she stated. EDITED BY INE
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